What is Agrotechnology?
In simple terms, Agrotechnology is the technology of agriculture, as the methods or machinery needed for efficient production.
Agrotechnology focuses on technological processes used in agriculture, to create an understanding of how processes, equipment and structures are used with people, soil, plants, animals and their products, to sustain and maintain quality of life and to promote economic, aesthetic and sound cultural values.
If you are getting into Hemp cultivation, you have to understand that cultivation of Hemp is expensive than your usual conventional crops. Startup costs for cultivation sites can run well over lakhs while monthly expenses can easily stretch into six figures. With wholesale markets in competitive countries driving prices downward, controlling costs at cultivation is a must for Hemp growers that want to remain viable in the market.
How would Agrotechnology help?
Agrotechnology would cut down on cultivation cost and enable Hemp growers to enter the competitive markets with an advantage. Not only Agro-Tech would help cut down on costs but it would improve the quantity & quality of yields through processes such as seed breeding, precision agriculture, natural pesticides, water saving through drip irrigation, and hydroponics. The Agrotechnology can be further developed for increasing food yield and farming productivity when applied to cultivating Hemp/Cannabis. One of the most important aspect of agro-tech is Seed breeding. It is an essential aspect of the cannabis business, giving one grower the market edge over another.
CROP MANAGEMENT MADE EFFICIENT USING AGROTECHNOLOGY
In the rising market of Hemp production, keeping a sharp eye on each of cultivation processes becomes very important, right from farming all the way till it reaches the consumer. Such meticulous levels of close observation and supply-chain monitoring are now made feasible and highly productive with the application of Agro-technology. These modern technologies include artificial intelligence, machine learning, remote sensing and big data analytics. These technologies would revolutionize Hemp agriculture in more ways than imaginable.
A digital footprint of Hemp as a result of the data collected right from sowing, would allow traders to ascertain the origin and authenticity of the procured Hemp, exactly to the farmland where it was cultivated. It would also provide a concise report of its production, including the seed variety, details of crop protect activities, application of fertilisers and other agro-chemicals, lab reports, and alerts raised and resolved if any during its crop cycle.
Traceability of the produce would be particularly beneficial to produce designated for medical purposes as it would establish the quality of the Hemp and would aid in data-backed certification.
Presently, Israel is considered a world leader in Agro-Tech development. Israel has the attention of Hemp Businesses from all corners of the world, both due to the variety of innovative solutions they offer clients who grow with hydroponics and on detached growing tables, as well as the innovations they offer to cannabis growers. Israel is showing the world way forward in Agro-tech and is open to assisting Hemp growing countries in other parts of globe. Getting the support of Israel in Agro-tech It would be a great start for hemp farming in Uttarakhand.
Why Agro-Tech in Uttarakhand, India?
Agricultural practices are the main stay of the people of Uttarakhand. Out of the total population, more than 75% people are engaged either with the main occupation of agriculture or its allied practices. The crops, vegetables and fruits of all varieties are grown in the different climatic zones such as tropical, temperate, and cold because, the region is characterized by the different altitudinal zones elevated from 200 m to more than 8000m. As a result, different climates are found from hot tropical to sub temperate and chilly cold. Most agricultural land in the mountain areas is not only marginal in terms of potential productivity, but its quality also appears to be deteriorating as indicated by declining soil fertility and crop productivity. As a result, many mountain families face food shortages of varying degrees, that contribute to the chain reaction process of poverty–resource degradation–scarcity–poverty.
If the struggling mountain farmers are going to compete favorably in Hemp crop with the modern world, they must be given options and alternatives that are at par with the competitive nations. Development efforts must focus on exploring Agro-technology in farming to increase the productivity and carrying capacity of farms.
The Uttarakhand State government agencies have to play an important role in facilitating the diffusion of new agricultural technology in traditional farming practices by ensuring a regular supply of necessary/basic inputs. The continuous technological innovations in terms of dissemination of latest packages and practices on farming of high-value crops like Hemp are a sine qua non for promoting economic viability and maintaining ecological sustainability in Uttarakhand. The most important policy support, therefore, would be enhanced investment on agricultural R&D for evolving new Agro-technologies to enable and strengthen the comparative advantage in industrial hemp for the Uttarakhand state.